Glossary

With the all new technologies added each day, here are some buzzing words you may encounter. This is an explanatory section, created to add-up or brush-up the concepts of esteem visitors of Remo software website. This glossary will help you understand our products proficiently.

Access Database: Access Database is a database software with interactive interface. With Access you can design forms, create queries, reports, and macros.

Active Partition: An active partition is a partition on a hard drive that is set as the boot-able partition and contains the operating system. Read Here…

Adobe Photoshop: Photoshop is the most popular software published by the Adobe systems which is considered as the industry standard when it comes to graphics editing.

Adobe Reader: Adobe Reader is free software for viewing, printing, and annotating the portable document format (PDF) files. To know more details read here…

AirDrop: AirDrop provides a speedy way to share files wirelessly between two Macs, without having to connect to an existing network. Read more..

Airport Time Capsule: Airport Time Capsule is an attractive and advanced backup device that can backup the Mac’s data automatically and utilizing wireless technology. Read more...

AMR File: AMR, Adaptive Multi-Rate is a file format used for storing compressed audio files which are optimized specially for recording the speech. Read Here...

Android OS: Android is an open-source platform designed for developing touch screen mobile devices like Smart phones and tablets. It is based on Linux-Kernel OS.

Antivirus: Antivirus program is a computer application which is used to detect, remove, and protect from computer malicious viruses. Learn more....

APK: APK is an application package file, which is generally used to distribute and install application files on Android operating system.

Apple iOS: Apple iOS is a mobile operating system developed and distributed by Apple Inc. Majorly, it is released for iPhone later extended it to support other Apple devices.

Apple Partition Map: Apple Partition Map is a partition format describes the disk’s starting sector of the partition, the type, the size and the volume name.

AutoCAD file: AutoCAD is a computer aided design (CAD) software tool introduced by Autodesk Inc. It helps designers and engineers by allowing them to fully construct their projects in a well arranged manner.

Autorun.inf: Autorun.inf is a special file stored on the removable storage media, which contains all the information for the operating system whenever the media is attached to your system.

AVI: AVI is a file format used for storing audio and video information, that is developed by Microsoft Corporation and the files will be stored with .avi extension. Read here…

Bad Sector: Bad sector is a part on the computer disk drive which has been damaged and fails to read the data stored in that particular space.

Basic Disk: The term basic disk refers to a physical disk that uses primary partitions, logical drives or extended partitions as their basic volume to organize data efficiently.

Batch File: A Batch file is a script file or text file contains sets of commands that are executed together. Read here for more info….

BIOS: BIOS (Basic Input / Output System) is the program used by microprocessor to get computer system to start once it has been turned on.

Blu-ray Disc: The Blu - ray disc is an optical storage media format that was developed by Blu-ray disc association to enable storing large amount of data, and including recording, rewriting and playback of HD video

BMP: BMP is a standard Windows bitmap graphics format commonly used as a graphics image format and they are usually uncompressed, hence they are larger than the other image formats. See here…

Bookmarks: Bookmark is a way of saving an address for a website on your browser so that the user can easily return to the site again when needed...

Boot Camp: Boot Camp is software included with OS X Lion and Mountain Lion that allows the Mac OS X user to install and run Microsoft Windows...

Boot Loader: Boot loader is a small piece of program that runs at the startup time and can load a complete application program into the processor’s memory.

Browser History: Web Browser History is a list of websites that the user visited in recent times and even contains the date and time of the visit to that web page...

BSOD: The Blue Screen of Death (BSOD), the name commonly used by the Microsoft Windows users and first found in Windows 1.0. Generally indicates the screen with error message saying that “Windows is about top crash”. It will process the unsaved data at the occurrence in a RAW file format called Dump file.

Card Reader: Card reader is a USB device that connect the cards like memory cards, SD cards etc. to the system and it facilitates file transfer between the cards and systems.

Cache: Cache is a high-speed access area that can be either a reserved section of main memory or a storage device.

Catalog File: Catalog file is a special type of file in the HFS + file system. It contains the information about all the files and folders stored on your Mac OS X Volumes.

CD-ROM Drive: CD-ROM drive helps in functioning read and write operations on CD-ROM (Compact Disk - Read Only Memory). CD-ROM are capable of playing both audio cd's as well as computer data cd's.

CF Card: Compact Flash card is a mass storage device and it is used in many electronic devices such as Phones, iPods, Tablets etc to store files like pictures, audio, videos or other documents.

CHKDSK: CHKDSK(Check Disk) is a command used for DOS, OS/2 and Windows Operating System to know the file system integrity status of floppy disk and hard disk.

Clip Art: Clip art refers to pre made pictures used to describe any medium and it is used broadly in both personal and commercial projects.

Cloud Computing: Cloud computing is a type of computing that completely relies on sharing the computing resources online in a remote location.

Cloud Storage: Cloud storage is a networked storage or disk space that is available over internet and allows the users to store their data on specialized computers called remote servers.

Codec: Codec is a small piece of computer program used for compressing or decompressing your media files in order to play. Codec is a short form of …[Continue Reading]

Compact Flash Drive: Compact flash drive is small and portable device used to transfer files easily with an usb port of the device.

Computer: Computer is an electronic device which helps us to store data and perform mathematical and logical operations at a faster rate.

Computer Memory: Computer Memory is an electronic memory device that stores data and programs according to the set of instructions either temporarily or permanently...

Convert FAT to NTFS: FAT file system is used for smaller storage devices, in order to store large amount of data on a partition, we need to convert FAT file system to NTFS.

Convert Raw to NTFS: We cannot store data on the raw file system as it is the file system installed on the hard disk, immediately after creating it in the factory, hence raw file system needs to be converted to NTFS.

Cookies: Cookies are the small text based files that are stored on the computer’s web browsers which contains the information related to the websites visited...

CPU: CPU (Central Processing Unit) is the brain of the computer, which executes / processes computer programs with the instructions provided by user.

CRC error: It is an error detection mechanism used in networking devices and storage devices to verify the available raw data in the drive doesn’t undergo any accidental changes. It has two phases the CRC generator and the CRC checker. The CRC generator uses polynomial division to generate a resultant output. In the receivers end, the actual data is checked based on the arrived data with the generated CRC.

Data Backup: Data backup is the process of creating a backup file of important data which we need in future as files might be lost by accidental deletion.

Data Disaster: Data disaster refers to loosing of data / files. Data disaster can happen on any devices on which data is stored like computer, USB, iPod etc.

Data Loss: Data is the most important thing which we need it in day to day life. Data loss usually occurs on computer systems which is effected by virus, OS crash, file system corruption etc.

Data Recovery Tips: Data may include documents, music, video and many more. These files will be deleted / lost due to accidental deletion, OS crash, file system corruption etc. In order to get back lost data you need to follow few data recovery tips.

DBX: DBX files are database files for the Outlook Express application from Microsoft which hold all the emails and can be used to move your emails to a new computer or newer version of Outlook.

Debugger: Debugger is a computer program which can be used to test and locate error on other programs; allows other programs to stop a program at any point to examine the variables.

Defragmentation: Disk Defragmentation is a process which re-arranges files and free spaces in an orderly manner, which reduces the time for fetching a file from the hard drive.

Device Driver: Device driver is a software program that allows higher-level program to communicate with hardware devices. Learn more…

Digital Audio Drives: Digital Audio Drives / Players are media players that are capable of organising, storing and playing music files of different formats including MP3, MPGA, MIDI, WAV, RIFF, AU, WMA and ASF formats.

Digital Camera: A camera that captures and stores images or videos digitally rather than recording them on a film are referred as digital cameras. See here…

Disk Cloning: Disk Cloning is a process of copying the contents of the hard drive & saved as an image file; this cloned image acts as a backup copy to restore data back.

Disk Crash: The serious situation when computer's fails to retrieve the content from the hard drive is disk crash. Disk failure can be of two types logical failure or physical disk crash.

Disk Editor: Ddisk editor is a computer program that allows user to read, edit, and write raw data on disk drives. Know more…

Disk Format: Disk Formatting is a process which prepares your hard drive or any other storage devices for use initially. It can also be done on used devices, but in such cases, it erases the complete data stored on them.

Disk Head Crash: The physical damage caused to the magnetic platter by the read-write head of a hard disk. This causes severe data loss and the hard drive has to be replaced.

Disk Imaging: In disk imaging, complete replication of the hard disk i.e., registry programs, software, structure is done. Sector by sector mirroring of the complete drive, which includes unused sectors as well, takes place in disk imaging.

Disk Not Formatted: "Disk / Drive not formatted" error is caused due to many reasons the most obvious one is the drive is not ready for operating system's use.

Diskpart: Diskpart is similar to MS-DOS Fdisk utility that lets you manipulate, view and create the partitions from the command line; it is a freeware and can be downloaded from Microsoft’s Website.

Disk Utility: Disk Utility is a tool developed by Apple for performing disk related tasks such as creation, compression, encryption and conversion of disk images in Mac OS X.

DivX: DivX short for Digital video Express, is a compression scheme that reduces the video file size on computers and on DVDs to fit into a standard CD without loss of quality...

DLL File: Dynamic Link Library is a collection of small modules of programs that can be called upon when needed by other executable program (.exe) that is executed.

DOCX: DOCX is a file format that is assigned to Microsoft Word documents that are used in Microsoft Word 2007 and above versions with enhanced features...

DOD Standard 5220.28 STD: DOD Standard 5220.28 STD is the data sanitization standard, recommended by the US Department of Defense (DoD) to erase data from your hard drives permanently.

DOS: DOS or Disk Operating System is a command line non-graphical operating system. It was developed by Microsoft in July 1981.

Drag and Drop: Drag and Drop is an action performed within a Graphical User Interface (GUI) that involves moving the cursor over an object, selecting it, and moving that object to a new location…

Droid X: Droid X is a latest addition to the Android Smartphone series developed by Motorola that runs Android 2.3 software. It is known for its advanced features, to know more click here...

DVD: DVD is an optical storage device which offers more storage space compared to compact disc.

Dual Boot: Dual boot is a feature of modern operating systems (OS) for storing more than one OS and allows the user to choose one of the two environments, such as Windows/Mac OS, or Linux/Mac OS etc..

Dump: Dump is a process of copying the contents of the computer storage device to another device without altering its format or any other settings. Learn more...

Dynamic Disk Drive: Dynamic Disk Drive is a physical disk which manages its volumes using LDM database.

Encrypted Data: The process of encryption includes converting data to the form of ciphertext, that is not understood by unauthorized people.

Encryption Algorithms: Encryption algorithm is formula or code that changes the text in to unintelligent text also known as ciphertext.

Encrypt Decrypt File: Encrypting a file or folder is a method which protects data from other users. Decrypting a file is the reverse process of encryption, which decodes and makes the file readable.

Exchange Server: Microsoft Exchange Server is an application which acts as a server side of client–server functionalities

exFAT : exFAT is a modern modern file system designed by Microsoft Corp, specially for storage devices that use flash memory. It supports data transfer between electronic devices and computers. exFAT works well with latest operating systems including Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2 (Linux), Mac OS X 10.6.5, etc.

External Hard Drive: External hard drives are portable data storage units, which are connected using USB cable or FireWire interface to a system. These external hard disks are the best solution to back up or store important data.

File Allocation Data (FAT): File Allocation Table (FAT) is a file system with the table of contents that an operating system maintains on a hard drive.

FAT 12: In 1980, FAT 12 was designed as floppy disk file system. FAT 12 uses 12 bit entries for addressing clusters in smaller capacity hard disks and 1.44 Megabytes and 2.88 Megabytes floppy disk.

FAT 16: FAT or File Allocation Table 16 is the file system architechture that uses 16 bits for each entry in the file allocation table of a disk.

FAT 32: The file allocation table which uses 32-bit cluster addressing to store files on hard disk. The maximum size of a file that FAT32 disk or partition can hold is 4 gigabyte

File: File is a collection of data or information that is identified by a unique name called file name and its extension. Read here...

File Compression: File Compression is the process of reducing the size of the files and packaging multiple files into a single archive file to save space or transmission time.

File Format: File format refers to the way entire data are arranged logically within a file and even contains the data encoding processes and presentation information.

File Hierarchy: Files are nothing but a group of elements. These group of elements need to classified and ordered. The file hierarchy helps the elements to be sorted properly for efficient use. It is a tree like structure. These file process traverse the files from root to the child sub process.

File Server: File server is a computer that is dedicated to storing files over a network and controls the access to these files by different systems connected in a same network.

File System: File system is a data structure or method used by the operating system to keep track of all the files stored on a disk or partition; that is, it is the way the files are organized on the disk.

Final Cut Pro: Final cut pro is an advanced tool to edit the videos for Mac that is developed by Apple; supports many video formats like DV, HDV, P2 MXF, XDCAM...

Firewall: A firewall is a set of related programs, located at a network gateway server that protects the resources of a private network from users from other networks.

FireWire: FireWire is a personal computer / consumer electronic serial bus interface standard which offers high-speed communications and real-time data services. See more…

Firmware: Firmwares are programs stored on computer or other hardware devices read only memory (ROM), that provides instruction on how a device should operate…..

Flash Drive: A storage device which helps in transfering data from one system to another system using USB port is known as "Flash Drive".

Flash Memory: Flash Memory is a type of electrically erasable programmable read-only memory (EEPROM) that can retain data even without power supply.

Floppy Drive: Floppy disk drive helps in reading from and writing data to floppy disks. The floppy disks are portable, inexpensive and stores 1.44MB of data.

FLV Files: FLV stands for Flash Video which is a container file format used for deliver video over the Internet using Adobe Flash Player 6 and newer versions.

Format Error: Format errors are the errors that are caused by missing system files or broken file system that makes the device unrecognizable by OS

File Type: Operating system maintains many different file formats on a hard drive, through which it’s possible to identify a particular file’s type.

Garbage: Garbage is a data that has been placed in RAM space that is obtained from the operating system and is no longer needed. Read here...

GIF: GIF, Graphic Interchange format is a compressed file format for bit mapped images that are designed to be used over internet. Read here to know more…

Google Nexus: Google Nexus is a line of Smart phone devices using the Android operating system developed by Google. Read more…

Graphics Card: A graphics card is a device installed in a computer that consists of a graphics processing unit designed to help process and display images, especially 3D graphics..

GUID Partition Table: The most recent type of partitioning introduced is GUID (Globally Unique Identifiers for Devices) which differs from other partition style used in BIOS era. Know more…

Hard Disk Drive: The hard disk drive is the place where all your data and programs are stored even when your computer is turned off.

Hard Drive Sector: Sector is the sub-unit of hard drive Track. Each sector stores fixed amount of data, which is usually as 512 bytes or 2048 bytes per sector.

Hardware: Computer hardware are the physical components of a computer like hard drive, motherboard, CPU, monitor, printer, mouse, keyboard, etc.

HTML: Html is a markup language that is used in creation of the web pages and is written in the form of small elements consisting of HTML tags that are stored in .html file format.

HFS+: HFS plus or HFS + is a file system developed by Apple Inc. HFS plus is also referred to as Mac OS Extended, which is an improved version of the Standard Hierarchical File System (HFS).

HFSX: HFSX is the advanced version of HFS file system that is used for organizing files on a Macintosh hard disk.

Hierarchical File System (HFS): Hierarchical File System (HFS) is the file system used by Mac Operating System and developed by Apple Inc. HFS is designed to work on floppy, CD-ROMs and hard disk drives.

How hard drives work: Hard drive is a part of the computer which acts as a secondary storage device. Hard disks contain rotating disc which are coated with magnetic material and fuctions well to read / write data.

Hybrid Drive: Hybrid hard disk drive is a storage device that contains the features of both the hard drive and the Flash memory cache.

IDE Hard Drive: IDE or Integrated Drive Electronics is the most common way of establishing interface with the storage devices like hard disks, in computer. IDE was the original name of what we know better as PATA (Parallel ATA).

IDE Interface: Integrated Drive Electronics interface is the expansion for IDE interface. It is also known as ATA (Advanced Technology Attachment). These interfaces connect a mass storage device with the controller device. Mass storage devices refer to hard drives, optical drives, USB devices etc and the controller refer to a motherboard.

IEEE 1394 drive: IEEE 1394 drives uses IEEE 1394 serial bus interface developed by Apple, for transferring data at a high speed. The IEEE 1394 interface is also known as i.LINK and Lynx by Sony and Texas Instruments respectively.

iMac: The iMac is a range of all-in-one Macintosh desktop computers which has been designed and introduced by Apple Inc.

Inside Hard Drive: Once a hard drive's case is uncovered, inside it, the physical components found are platter, spindle, spindle motor, actuator arm, etc.

iPad: iPad is a handheld tablet PC from Apple, which has been designed to support both the smartphone users and the laptop users. [Continue Reading]

iPhone: iPhone is a Smartphone that is developed and marketed by Apple, which combines the features of an iPod, a tablet PC, a digital camera and a phone with Internet browsing and networking capabilities.

iPhoto Library: iPhoto Library is a Mac application to keep your photos, music, albums, etc. organized and synched. Multiple libraries can be created and managed with iPhoto Library Manager.

iPod: iPods is portable media players by Apple Inc, popular for crystal sound clarity and added multi-functionalities

iPod Classic: iPod Classic is basically used for listening songs, watch movies, TV shows, play games and to share photos. It has a genius feature which itself creates a playlist of great songs with the similar once which we were are listening.

iPod Mini: iPod Mini is the smallest iPod model that was developed by Apple Inc. It is the Apple’s mid-range product that could store 4 GB to 6GB of media files

iPod Nano: iPod Nano is a multi-touch media player with many other attractive features. The current iPod Nano belongs to sixth generation and has 8GB or 16GB capacity.

iPod Shuffle: iPod Shuffle is the device used to store hundreds of songs. It is a digital audio player designed for music lovers, and is portable i.e. Can be carried to any place and even can hear songs even while travelling. Read More…

iSCSI: iSCSI (also known as Internet Small Computer System Interface) is protocol for transporting requests and responses over an IP network between the client and an iSCSI - enable drives

iTunes: iTunes can assist you in organizing, managing, playing your favorite music, movies, and many more on your Mac OS X or Windows systems and also on iPods or your iPhones. To get additional details, see here…

Jaz Drive: Iomega Jaz drives were removable media storage unit, developed in 1995. These were used as external as well as internal units till 2002, after which its use was discontinued.

JPEG: JPEG is an acronym for Joint Photographic Expert Group. It is an Standard computer file format used for images in a compressed form using Lossy compression technique.

Journals: Journal file is a special type of files that records and stores all the updates made to the file, which can be used to restore data in cases of hard drive crash, switching off the system suddenly and in many other disastrous situations. Read here…

Kernel: Kernel is a central component of an operating system that provides inter-process communication between the user applications and the computer hardware such as CPU, memory and the other devices...

Laptop Driver: Laptop driver is a software that allows the laptop to communicate with the connected devices such as video card, sound card, printer etc.

Live USB: Live USB is just a USB flash drive or a USB external hard disk that can be used to store the operating system and launch or boot the PC with this..

Log File: Log file is a file that holds all the details about the commands given to the computer for over a period of time which is very useful as a security measure...

Logical partition: A physical hard drive can be partitioned into multiple logical partitions that can be utilized to manage and organize the data and each hosting a separate operating system.

MacBook Air: MacBook Air is a series of ultra-portable Mac notebook and laptops that are ultra-thin, lightweight and included with long lasting battery life. Read here…

MacBook Pro: The MacBook Pro is a line of Macintosh portable computers introduced by Apple Inc., that offers fast performance, sharp display and sleek design.

Mac Finder: Mac Finder is the default file manager used on Mac operating system and it provides a graphical view of the file system and the devices used in Mac.

Mac iWork: Mac iWork is an integrated office suite developed by Apple for its Macintosh users, that include Pages, spreadsheet and Keynote apps. Read more...

Mac Mini: Mac mini is a tiny computer with enormous capabilities, which can be connected to almost any large display screen and numerous peripheral devices.

Mac Mountain Lion: Mac Mountain Lion is one of a robust operating system, which is specially introduced for Macintosh computers, and it is a ninth major release of OS X.

Mac OS X: Mac OS X now better known as OS X is one of the world’s most advanced and robust operating system, designed especially to run on Apple hardware.

Mac OS X v10.1: Mac OS X v10.1 is also known as Puma and is the second major release of Mac OS X, Apple’s desktop and server operating system

Mac OS X v10.2: Mac OS X v10.2 is called as Jaguar and it is the third major release of Mac OS X, Apple’s desktop, and server operating system.

Mac OS X 10.6: Mac OS X 10.6, also known as Snow Leopard is one of the major Mac OS. It was released on August 28, 2009, with imporoved performance and enhanced efficiency.

Mac OS X Leopard: Mac OS X Leopard is released on October 26 and it is the sixth major release of Mac OS X, Apple’s desktop and server OS for Macintosh systems.

Mac OS X Lion: Mac OS X Lion is the eighth major release of Mac OS X and it is introduced many developments with respect to Apple iOS.

Mac OS X Panther: Mac OS X Panther is the fourth major release of Mac OS X and released on October 24, 2003

Mac OS X Tiger: Mac OS X Tiger is the fifth major release of Mac OS X, Apple desktop and server operating system for Macintosh systems

Macros: Macro is a symbol or a keyboard shortcut that represents a series of actions, commands and keystrokes used to format documents or even execute vba code.

Mac Terminal: It is a program included with all versions of Mac OS X. Mac Terminal is located in the Utilities folder within the Applications folder which can be used to send commands to Mac by typing text instead of using mouse.

Mac Trash: Mac Trash is the folder that stores the items deleted by the user temporarily, in a Mac computer.

Malware: Malware is a class of harmful software that is written with the intent to access the computers or network without the user’s permission and cause damage or delete data.

MBR: MBR or Master Boot Record is the small program that is stored at the begining of the hard drives. This code is executed when the system boots up.

Memory Card: Memory card is portable flash data storage devices used for easy, fast and reliable storage and transfer digital files. These are available in various types, storage capacities and transfer speeds.

Memory Stick: Memory sticks are data storage devices which are used in various portable devices. These offer blazing-fast transfer rate and are available in different storage capacities.

MicroSD: MicroSD cards are the removable flash memory cards, which can store any media data like images, videos and audio files etc. it uses Flash memory that can store the data even when there is no power supply. Read More…

Microsoft Access: Microsoft Access is a unique tool from the Microsoft Office Suite, which provides the functionalities of a database and programming capabilities that creates end-user screens. Read more…

Microsoft DirectX: Microsoft DirectX is a set of multimedia APIs developed by Microsoft that offers predefined commands and functions to create graphic images and multimedia effects.

Microsoft Excel: Microsoft Excel is an electronic spreadsheet program that can be used for storing, organizing and manipulating data.

Microsoft Office: Microsoft Office is a set of applications for desktop referred as Office Suite collectively. Some of its products and applications include Microsoft Word, Excel sheets, PowerPoint presentations, Outlook and many more…

Microsoft OneNote: Microsoft OneNote is a free-form note taking software used for gathering information and organizing it as a digital notebook that supports multi-user collaboration. Read here…

Microsoft Outlook: Outlook is a fully fledged Microsoft's e-mail client, with advanced attributes like Calendar, Tasks, Journals, Contacts, Notes, Alerts and more

Microsoft Outlook Express: Microsoft Outlook Express is an email client which comes with Internet Explorer versions 4.0 through 6.0. Outlook Express is also bundled with different versions of Microsoft Windows like Windows 98, Windows 2000 and Windows XP.

Microsoft PowerPoint: Microsoft PowerPoint is a Presentation software which is used to made slides for business purposes, school projects, training sessions and many others for presenting information to the related topic. Read More…

Microsoft Security Essentials: Microsoft Security Essential is a Windows Antivirus software product that provides security against more types of malware such as computer viruses, Trojan horse….

Microsoft Surface: Microsoft Surface is the series of tablet computers developed by Microsoft, which is a thin design, featuring magnesium enclosure, integrated kickstand etc.

Microsoft Visio: It is a diagramming and vector graphics application and is also the part of the Microsoft Office Suite, which is produced by Shapeware Corporation.

Microsoft Visual Studio: Microsoft Visual Studio is an integrated development environment that used to develop console and Windows applications. Know more..

Microsoft Windows: Microsoft Windows is world most popular graphical operating systems. The first version of MS Windows was Windows 1.0 developed in 1985.

MiniSD: MiniSD - Secure Digital is a non-volatile small portable memory card, which is widely used in mobile phones, digital cameras and tablet computers etc.

MFT: MFT or Master File Table is a file in NTFS file system, which stores details of files and folders like size, time and date stamps, permissions, and data content, etc.

MKV Files(Matroska): MKV stands for "Matroska Video" and is a container file format that can hold more number of audio, video and subtitle, along with other metadata information. Learn more…

Mobile Phone: Mobile phones are the portable and hand held telephone that connects the network over radio wave transmission.

Motherboard: A motherboard is the central printed circuit board (PCB) in many modern computers and holds many of the crucial components of the system, while providing connectors for other peripherals.

MOV File: MOV is a QuickTime media container format used to store movies and other video clips, developed by Apple Inc. that is compatible on both Macintosh and Windows systems. Read here…

MPEG File: MPEG files are media files with a loosy compression standard for both audio and video files and was introduced to compress the videos of very high quality.

Multimedia Card - MMC: Multimedia Card (MMC) is one of the commonly known storage device which uses flash memory. The size of multimedia card varies from 24 mm × 32 mm × 1.4 mm

Non Bootable Disk: Non bootable disk is nothing but a device storage that has a file system to store any kind of data in it. It doesn’t have any operating system or utility programs that can initiate a normally configured PC. There are no certain boundaries or limits for non bootable disks as of in bootable disks. Any storage drive of any brands can be a non bootable disk.

Notepad++: Notepad++ is a powerful text editing and source code editing package that supports several languages to be coded and edited under Windows environment.

NTFS : New Technology File System or NTFS is the file system which was introduced with Windows 2000 and Windows NT 3.1. NTFS is better than the antecedent file systems as it restricts user access, provides more security, better performance and more.

NTFS5 : NTFS5 is the advanced version of new Technology File system, which was initially released to support Windows NT and above operating systems. In addition to NTFS features it has many other features. Know more…

OpenOffice: OpenOffice is an open source Office suite designed by Apache that includes various office productivity tools such as word processing, spreadsheet, presentations, graphics and many more.

Operating System: The operating system is a set of standard programs which are designed to control and coordinate hardware use of a computer. Operating system allocates resources as requested by the computer programs or peripherals.

Optical Drive: An optical drive is a type of system disk drive that can easily reads and writes information from optical disks through laser beaming technology.

OST file: Offline Storage Table (OST) is used to store inbox mails, calendar and other things that are delivered and saved on the Microsoft exchange server. It is built in a way that the user can configure a OST file from Outlook.

OS X Mavericks: Apple OS X Mavericks is tenth major release, 10.9 version of the second-generation Macintosh computer operating system that includes features like iCloud keychain, iBooks, Maps etc.

Outlook Web Access: Outlook Web Access is a web-mail client that allows user to access their mailbox through web browsers like Firefox, Internet Explorer, Safari and many more...

Partition Boot Sector: Hard drive is the main storage area of data which is further divided into number of partitions. Every partition contains its own volume boot sector. Volume boot sector is different from master boot sector which controls the entire hard disk, but similar in functionality, this concept is also known as boot volume record or partition boot sector.

Partition Table: Partition table is one of the numerous components of the master boot record and includes an evocative information about the partitions available on hard disk includes their types and sizes.

PDF: PDF is a computer file format for electronic exchange of documents, created by Adobe for saving documents of multiple formats like images, graph, hyperlinks, text and many more.

Pen Drive: Pen Drive is a small storage device which is used to store / transfer / backup files like documents, music, photos, video etc.

Photo Library: Photo library is a collection of photos, using which you can view, edit, save your photos easily. For More information read here...

Picasa: Picasa is photo organizer and viewer for organizing and editing digital photos and is used to share photos online.

PNG: PNG is a bitmapped image format which employs lossless data compression and palette-based images, greyscale images, full-color non-palette based images etc. Know more…

Portable hard drive: Portable hard drive is a hard drive located outside the computer that allows you to store the backup copy of your hard drive data and acts as an additional storage space.

PPT file: PPT file is a popular PowerPoint file format used for preparing presentation slides shows. One can easily add pictures, videos, sounds and many others on these files. See more…

Prevent Data Loss: Data loss is a common issue for computer users around the globe. There are certain procedures which can be followed to prevent loss of data from external devices.

PSD File: PSD file is a layered image file used in Adobe Photoshop. PSD stands for the Photoshop Document & is a native format for Photoshop used for editing images.

PST file: Microsoft Outlook stores all your Outlook related items including your emails, contacts, calendar, notes and many others in a single file called as PST file. Read here to know more…

QuickTime Player: QuickTime is an excellent multimedia player, used as default application for playing audio and videos on Mac operating system.

RAID: RAID is a way of storing same data on different places of multiple hard disks. The distribution of data is done with several levels, depending on the performance and redundancy levels. See more…

RAID 5: RAID 5 uses block-level striping with distributed parity. It distributes parity along with the data and requires all drives but one to be present to operate; the array is not destroyed by a single drive failure. RAID 5 requires at least three disks.

RAM: RAM is a computer storage location that allows faster storage and access to data in a random order from your computer memory. Read more…

RAW Data: Raw data is a type of data that is referred to the data that hasn’t undergone thorough processing, either manually or through automated computer software.

RAW Drive: Raw drive refers to accessing the data on the hard drives at the byte-level without using the file system. Read here to get more info...

RAR File: RAR File is a compressed file format to reduce the file size to minimize the storage space & ease file transfer, RAR archive is a collection of compressed files.

Raw Images: Raw images are undeveloped digital negatives generated by image sensors. The digital image files cannot be printed or edited directly, as these are unprocessed and hence are called “raw” images.

Recycle Bin: Windows Recycle Bin is a temporarily folder for storing files deleted from Windows computer.

ReFs: Resilient File System is the new local file system developed in the intent of maximizing data availability and protecting the data at the time of crucial system errors. Its released with Windows server 2012.

Reformatting: Reformatting a hard drive means deleting the previously available data and information in the drive. Additionally the memory table will be cleaned for the new upcoming file operations & file system can be changed.

Remote Access: Accessing any computing devices remotely for data resources & information sharing is called remote access; reliable virtual communication bridge is established during remote accessing..

ROM BIOS: BIOS is abbreviated from Read Only Memory Basic Input Output System. The BIOS contains a program to control the hardware devices like keyboard, hard drives, display devices, serial communication components and plug and play devices (PnP) like add on cards. Since it is the first program to be executed, it is stored in ROM where the data are written at the time of manufacturing.

Safari Web Browser: Safari is Apple’s web browser that is first introduced from Mac OS X and iOS operating systems and released in 2003. Read more...

Safe Mode: Safe mode is a special way of loading Windows when there is a system critical problem; this is used to troubleshoot Windows and to determine the possible causes of the issues.

SATA: Serial Advanced Technology Attachment is a type of computer busses with serial connectors to transfer data between the mass storage devices and host devices like motherboards. SATA provides high speed, compatibility, scalability and hot swap support over its predecessor PATA.

ScanOST: ScanOST is the repair tool provided by Microsoft Outlook that can be used to check and repair the errors in your OST file. For complete details see here…

Scanpst.exe: Scanpst is the best "Inbox Repair Tool" which helps us to repair corrupt PST file in Microsoft Outlook.

SD card: Secure Digital or SD cards are memory card formats used in small and portable electronic gadgets to provide efficient storage. SD card come different speed, storage capacities and sizes – SD card, miniSD card and microSD card.

SDHC Card: Secure Digital High Capacity (SDHC) is a non-volatile memory card format and it is used in portable devices such as digital cameras, mobile phones and GPS navigation devices.

SDXC Card: SDXC - Secure Digital Extended Capacity is a non-volatile memory card, which provides larger capacity and fast data transfer rates.

Shareware: A shareware program is an evaluation version of a program which is made available to try out and make sure that it meets your needs before buying the software.

SkyDrive: SkyDrive is a file uploading application developed by Microsoft that enable users to store their files and allows access them using any web browser.

Small Web Format: SWF stands for Small Web Format is a proprietary file format used for playing Flash animation files i.e. flash movies and is an extension of Shockwave Flash files.

SmartMedia Card: SmartMedia Card is a type of memory card that consists of a flash memory chip and used in handheld PCs, PDAs, cell phones, digital cameras…

SmartPhone: A Smartphone is an advanced featured phone built upon mobile OS such as Bada, BlackBerry, Android, iOS, Windows etc. Read here more…

Soft Copy: Soft copy is a data that is stored on the computer, which can be read on the screen and are accessible only through the computers. Read here for more details...

Sound Card: Sound Card is a device that can be slotted into a computer to allow the use of audio components for multimedia applications. Know more here…

Spyware: Spyware is an application that enables a user to obtain secret data about another's system activities by transmitting data secretly from their hard disk..

SQL Server: SQL Server is database manageme nt system used to provide optimum solution for e-commerce, business and dataware housing. SQL server was developesd by Microsoft.

SSD: Solid State Drive is one of the siblings in hard drive family. The main difference between the traditional HDD and SSD is that the SSD makes use of integrated circuits instead of traditional magnetic disks and no moving mechanical components are present. That ensures speed, large data storage space in considerable physical size, etc.

Storage Device: A storage device is any computing hardware that is used for storing, porting and extracting data files and objects. Read here..

Subrip: Subrip is the most popular subtitle ripping software that facilitates its users to modify and extract the subtitles from movies and encode back into movie.

System Boot Order: System boot order is the order of the devices from which the system will try to boot from when looking for the OS files.

Tape Drive: Tape drive is a small storage device which is also called as tape backup. Tape drive can be used both as an internal or external drive to save information like documents, music, video, audio etc.

Tablet Computer: Tablet computers is a kind of mobile computers, that usually have a touchscreen or pen-enabled interface and use a stylus pen to access or process information

Temp Files: Files that contain the .tmp extension and are used or created by variety of different computer applications to contain temporary data for different purposes...

Thumb drive: The thumb drive is a portable storage device that makes file backup, file transfer easier and allows easy storage of files.

TIFF: TIFF is a short form of Tagged Image File Format. It is a popular file format that is used to store raster and bit mapped images across several computer platforms....

Time Machine: Apple Time machine is an in-built feature that helps in backing up all your data stored on your Mac machines. Read more…

Trash: Trash is a folder on Mac OS which temporarily keeps all the document, photos, music and many more which you delete from your Mac computer.

UltraBook: Ultrabook is a mini notebook computer that is designed to provide high computing functionality with less weight, size and an extended battery life. Read more…

USB Drive: Universal Serial Bus or USB drives are flash storage devices which provide high speed data transfer. USB drives are best known for data back up units.

USB Flash Drive: USB flash drive is a small portable device, acts as an external hard drive and connects to the computer system with the USB port. USB drive uses flash memory and easy to carry from one place to another for transferring data. USB flash drives vary in their capacity upto 256 GB.

Utility Software: Utility programs, commonly referred as “utilities” are software programs that add functionality to your computer or help your computer perform better.

vFAT: vFAT or Virtual File Allocation Table is used in Windows OS from Windows 95, to support long file names.

VCF Files: VCF files are a popular digital business cards that includes basic contact information such as address, phone number, email address, picture, name, etc.

Virtual Memory: Virtual memory is also called as imaginary memory that is used to enlarge allocated memory address space. Learn more…

Volume Header: The Volume header is an index table that contains information about hard drive Volumes that works on its own individual file system. Using this information, the BIOS and the operating system will traverse the Volumes of hard drives for data.

WAV File: WAV is a Waveform Audio File format, refers to a standard format of playing uncompressed audio files that is mainly used on Windows PCs. Read more...

Web Browser: A Web Browser is an application program developed for rendering, receiving, and sending information on the World Wide Web.

WebCam: Webcam is a hardware camera that is connected to a computer, which allows anyone to take digital images and transmit them over internet. Read more...

WhatsApp: WhatsApp is a cross-platform instant messaging subscription service for Smartphone. With WhatsApp user can send each other photos, video, & audio media messages.....get more information

Windows 7: Windows 7 is Microsoft’s operating system, designed for home and business users. It is available in the following six editions as Home Basic, Start, Premium, Professional, Enterprise, and Ultimate

Windows 8: Windows 8 is the latest operating system developed by Microsoft. Windows 8 is a series of next version of Windows OS, released on May 31, 2012.

Windows 8 Hybrid: Windows 8 hybrid PC is a combination of both laptop and tablet computers. It is portable like tablets and come with the keyboard as in laptops.

Windows 2000: Windows 2000 is sometimes referred as Windows NT 5.0 as it is based on Windows NT kernel. There are around 29 million lines of code which are written in C++ that is used in Windows 2000.

Windows Task Manager: Windows Task Manager is an application program that displays you the services, programs and processes are running on your computer. Know more…

Windows Phone: Windows Phone is a Microsoft operating system for smartphones, which is the successor of Windows mobile operating system. Click here for more...

Windows Server 2003: Windows Server 2003 is a server Operating system which is manufactured by Microsoft. Windows Server 2003 is also known as Win2k3, it was released on April 24, 2003.

Windows Movie Maker: Windows Movie Maker is a freeware used for editing and creating your own home movies, photo albums and business presentations.

Windows Media Video: Windows Media Video compressed video file format was introduced by Microsoft in 1999 and can be played on various portable video supporting devices.

Windows Registry Key: Windows registry is used to store the configuration settings of Windows operating system in the form of hierarchical database. The keys and value combination required to access the settings stored in the form of directories are called Windows registry keys.

Windows Server 2012: Windows Server 2012 is a latest server OS designed by Microsoft. It redefines the server category by offering hundreds of new flexible features and enhanced support for different platforms.

Windows Virtual PC: Windows Virtual PC is a virtualization application for Microsoft Windows, which allows user to run multiple OS on the same machine. Know more…

Windows Vista: Windows Vista has best built-in accessibility settings and programs that provides a feature to see, hear, and use the computer in your own way.

Windows XP: Windows XP, also known as Win XP, is Microsoft's operating system which was released on 25 October 2001. Windows XP OS can be used on personal, home and business computers, desktops, laptops and media centers

WinZip: WinZip is most useful file archiving and compressor tool for Windows, OS X, iOS and Android developed by WinZip Computing.

Word Processor: Word processor is an application used to process word documents as directed by user; to edit, create, formatting, print and save documents electronically on disk space. Know more..

Xbox: Xbox is a sixth generation video game system developed by the Microsoft that includes of series of video game consoles including Xbox One, Xbox 360…

XD Card: Extreme Digital Picture card developed by Olympus and Fuji film in 2002. These are first generation storage devices for digital cameras. The working is same as the SD and other CF cards. Because of the absence of Flash Translation layer and its limited size declined its popularity. The size range of XD card is 16 MB to 2 GB.

XQD Card: The XQD card is just a memory card format introduced by Sony and developed by Compact Flash Association. It uses PCI Express technology interface for data transferring. This PCI express is one of the high-speed data transfers ranging from 125 Mbps to 500 Mbps. It has a very high storage capability and may extend beyond 2 TB in the future.

Xvid: Xvid is a video codec library following the MPEG-4, which is developed by Divx Inc and it is available for a limited number of platforms. Read here to know more…

Zip Drive: Zip drive is portable medium storage disk developed by Iomega. It was originally developed in 100 MB capacity. The later version of Zip drives offered 250 MB and 750 MB storage capacities,primarily for backing up and archiving important files from computer.

Zipx: Zipx file is basically a zip file uses advanced compression and encryption methods to create or open a compressed archive.