Glossary A-Z

With the all new technologies added each day, here are some buzzing words you may encounter. This is an explanatory section, created to add-up or brush-up the concepts of esteem visitors of Remo software website. This glossary will help you understand our products proficiently.


AIFF: AIFF is an Audio Interchange File Format used for storing digital audio waveform and is commonly used in Apple Macintosh operating systems….

AMR File: AMR, Adaptive Multi-Rate is a file format used for storing compressed audio files which are optimized specially for recording the speech. Read Here...

Android OS: Android is an open-source platform designed for developing touch screen mobile devices like Smart phones and tablets. It is based on Linux-Kernel OS.

Apple Partition Map: Apple Partition Map is a partition format describes the disk’s starting sector of the partition, the type, the size and the volume name.

AutoCAD file: AutoCAD is a computer aided design (CAD) software tool introduced by Autodesk Inc. It helps designers and engineers by allowing them to fully construct their projects in a well arranged manner.

Autorun.inf: Autorun.inf is a special file stored on the removable storage media, which contains all the information for the operating system whenever the media is attached to your system.

AVI: AVI is a file format used for storing audio and video information, that is developed by Microsoft Corporation and the files will be stored with .avi extension. Read here…


Bad Sector: Bad sector is a part on the computer disk drive which has been damaged and fails to read the data stored in that particular space.

BMP: BMP is a standard Windows bitmap graphics format commonly used as a graphics image format and they are usually uncompressed, hence they are larger than the other image formats. See here…

Bookmarks: Bookmark is a way of saving an address for a website on your browser so that the user can easily return to the site again when needed...

Browser History: Web Browser History is a list of websites that the user visited in recent times and even contains the date and time of the visit to that web page...

BSOD: The Blue Screen of Death (BSOD), the name commonly used by the Microsoft Windows users and first found in Windows 1.0. Generally indicates the screen with error message saying that “Windows is about top crash”. It will process the unsaved data at the occurrence in a RAW file format called Dump file.


Catalog File: Catalog file is a special type of file in the HFS + file system. It contains the information about all the files and folders stored on your Mac OS X Volumes.

CD-ROM Drive: CD-ROM drive helps in functioning read and write operations on CD-ROM (Compact Disk - Read Only Memory). CD-ROM are capable of playing both audio cd's as well as computer data cd's.

CF Card: Compact Flash card is a mass storage device and it is used in many electronic devices such as Phones, iPods, Tablets etc to store files like pictures, audio, videos or other documents.

CHKDSK: CHKDSK(Check Disk) is a command used for DOS, OS/2 and Windows Operating System to know the file system integrity status of floppy disk and hard disk.

Codec: Codec is a small piece of computer program used for compressing or decompressing your media files in order to play. Codec is a short form of …[Continue Reading]

Control Panel: Control Panel it is an area where you can control and configure your computer settings as per your requirement...

Convert FAT to NTFS: FAT file system is used for smaller storage devices, in order to store large amount of data on a partition, we need to convert FAT file system to NTFS.

Convert Raw to NTFS: We cannot store data on the raw file system as it is the file system installed on the hard disk, immediately after creating it in the factory, hence raw file system needs to be converted to NTFS.

CRC error: It is an error detection mechanism used in networking devices and storage devices to verify the available raw data in the drive doesn’t undergo any accidental changes. It has two phases the CRC generator and the CRC checker. The CRC generator uses polynomial division to generate a resultant output. In the receivers end, the actual data is checked based on the arrived data with the generated CRC.


Data Erasure: Data erasure is a software-based method of overwriting data to erasing all data from hard drive or any storage services such as pen drives, memory cards, etc.

DCIM: DCIM (Digital Camera Images) widely used folder name in digital cameras and Android OS based phones, tablets, etc. for storing images taken from the respective device…

Disk Editor: Ddisk editor is a computer program that allows user to read, edit, and write raw data on disk drives. Know more…

Disk Head Crash: The physical damage caused to the magnetic platter by the read-write head of a hard disk. This causes severe data loss and the hard drive has to be replaced.

Disk Identity: Disk Identity is a unique ID of a disk by which the computer will recognize it among other devices …

Disk Imaging: In disk imaging, complete replication of the hard disk i.e., registry programs, software, structure is done. Sector by sector mirroring of the complete drive, which includes unused sectors as well, takes place in disk imaging.

Diskpart: Diskpart is similar to MS-DOS Fdisk utility that lets you manipulate, view and create the partitions from the command line; it is a freeware and can be downloaded from Microsoft’s Website.

Disk Utility: Disk Utility is a tool developed by Apple for performing disk related tasks such as creation, compression, encryption and conversion of disk images in Mac OS X.

DivX: DivX short for Digital video Express, is a compression scheme that reduces the video file size on computers and on DVDs to fit into a standard CD without loss of quality...

DLL File: Dynamic Link Library is a collection of small modules of programs that can be called upon when needed by other executable program (.exe) that is executed.

DOCX: DOCX is a file format that is assigned to Microsoft Word documents that are used in Microsoft Word 2007 and above versions with enhanced features...

DOD Standard 5220.28 STD: DOD Standard 5220.28 STD is the data sanitization standard, recommended by the US Department of Defense (DoD) to erase data from your hard drives permanently.

DOS: DOS or Disk Operating System is a command line non-graphical operating system. It was developed by Microsoft in July 1981.


Encrypt Decrypt File: Encrypting a file or folder is a method which protects data from other users. Decrypting a file is the reverse process of encryption, which decodes and makes the file readable.

Exchange Server: Microsoft Exchange Server is an application which acts as a server side of client–server functionalities

exFAT : exFAT is a modern modern file system designed by Microsoft Corp, specially for storage devices that use flash memory. It supports data transfer between electronic devices and computers. exFAT works well with latest operating systems including Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2 (Linux), Mac OS X 10.6.5, etc.


File Allocation Data (FAT): File Allocation Table (FAT) is a file system with the table of contents that an operating system maintains on a hard drive.

FAT 12: In 1980, FAT 12 was designed as floppy disk file system. FAT 12 uses 12 bit entries for addressing clusters in smaller capacity hard disks and 1.44 Megabytes and 2.88 Megabytes floppy disk.

FAT 16: FAT or File Allocation Table 16 is the file system architechture that uses 16 bits for each entry in the file allocation table of a disk.

FAT 32: The file allocation table which uses 32-bit cluster addressing to store files on hard disk. The maximum size of a file that FAT32 disk or partition can hold is 4 gigabyte

File Compression: File Compression is the process of reducing the size of the files and packaging multiple files into a single archive file to save space or transmission time.

Flash Drive: A storage device which helps in transfering data from one system to another system using USB port is known as "Flash Drive".

FLV Files: FLV stands for Flash Video which is a container file format used for deliver video over the Internet using Adobe Flash Player 6 and newer versions.

Format Error: Format errors are the errors that are caused by missing system files or broken file system that makes the device unrecognizable by OS


GRUB: GRUB stands for GRand Unified Bootloader is a bootloader package that is developed to support multiple OS and allow the user to select one during boot-up.


Hard Drive Sector: Sector is the sub-unit of hard drive Track. Each sector stores fixed amount of data, which is usually as 512 bytes or 2048 bytes per sector.

HDCP: HDCP is a type of system in Mac which avoids recording of videos from unauthorized users and devices..

HFSX: HFSX is the advanced version of HFS file system that is used for organizing files on a Macintosh hard disk.

Hierarchical File System (HFS): Hierarchical File System (HFS) is the file system used by Mac Operating System and developed by Apple Inc. HFS is designed to work on floppy, CD-ROMs and hard disk drives.


iCloud: iCloud is online storage that works on cloud computing technology; Allows you to upload and store data online which can be accessed through various registered devices…

IEEE 1394 drive: IEEE 1394 drives uses IEEE 1394 serial bus interface developed by Apple, for transferring data at a high speed. The IEEE 1394 interface is also known as i.LINK and Lynx by Sony and Texas Instruments respectively.

Inside Hard Drive: Once a hard drive's case is uncovered, inside it, the physical components found are platter, spindle, spindle motor, actuator arm, etc.


Jaz Drive: Iomega Jaz drives were removable media storage unit, developed in 1995. These were used as external as well as internal units till 2002, after which its use was discontinued.


Kernel: Kernel is a central component of an operating system that provides inter-process communication between the user applications and the computer hardware such as CPU, memory and the other devices...


Logical partition: A physical hard drive can be partitioned into multiple logical partitions that can be utilized to manage and organize the data and each hosting a separate operating system.


Mac OS X: Mac OS X now better known as OS X is one of the world’s most advanced and robust operating system, designed especially to run on Apple hardware.

Mac OS X v10.2: Mac OS X v10.2 is called as Jaguar and it is the third major release of Mac OS X, Apple’s desktop, and server operating system.

Mac OS X 10.6: Mac OS X 10.6, also known as Snow Leopard is one of the major Mac OS. It was released on August 28, 2009, with imporoved performance and enhanced efficiency.

Mac OS X Tiger: Mac OS X Tiger is the fifth major release of Mac OS X, Apple desktop and server operating system for Macintosh systems

Malware: Malware is a class of harmful software that is written with the intent to access the computers or network without the user’s permission and cause damage or delete data.

Microsoft Office: Microsoft Office is a set of applications for desktop referred as Office Suite collectively. Some of its products and applications include Microsoft Word, Excel sheets, PowerPoint presentations, Outlook and many more…

Microsoft Outlook: Outlook is a fully fledged Microsoft's e-mail client, with advanced attributes like Calendar, Tasks, Journals, Contacts, Notes, Alerts and more

Microsoft PowerPoint: Microsoft PowerPoint is a Presentation software which is used to made slides for business purposes, school projects, training sessions and many others for presenting information to the related topic. Read More…

Microsoft Surface: Microsoft Surface is the series of tablet computers developed by Microsoft, which is a thin design, featuring magnesium enclosure, integrated kickstand etc.

MFT: MFT or Master File Table is a file in NTFS file system, which stores details of files and folders like size, time and date stamps, permissions, and data content, etc.

MOV File: MOV is a QuickTime media container format used to store movies and other video clips, developed by Apple Inc. that is compatible on both Macintosh and Windows systems. Read here…

MPEG File: MPEG files are media files with a loosy compression standard for both audio and video files and was introduced to compress the videos of very high quality.

Multimedia Card - MMC: Multimedia Card (MMC) is one of the commonly known storage device which uses flash memory. The size of multimedia card varies from 24 mm × 32 mm × 1.4 mm


Non Bootable Disk: Non bootable disk is nothing but a device storage that has a file system to store any kind of data in it. It doesn’t have any operating system or utility programs that can initiate a normally configured PC. There are no certain boundaries or limits for non bootable disks as of in bootable disks. Any storage drive of any brands can be a non bootable disk.

NTFS : New Technology File System or NTFS is the file system which was introduced with Windows 2000 and Windows NT 3.1. NTFS is better than the antecedent file systems as it restricts user access, provides more security, better performance and more.

NTFS5 : NTFS5 is the advanced version of new Technology File system, which was initially released to support Windows NT and above operating systems. In addition to NTFS features it has many other features. Know more…


Partition Boot Sector: Hard drive is the main storage area of data which is further divided into number of partitions. Every partition contains its own volume boot sector. Volume boot sector is different from master boot sector which controls the entire hard disk, but similar in functionality, this concept is also known as boot volume record or partition boot sector.

PDF: PDF is a computer file format for electronic exchange of documents, created by Adobe for saving documents of multiple formats like images, graph, hyperlinks, text and many more.

Plug and Play: Plug and play devices are those that work or get recognized instantly whenever they are connected to computer.

PSD File: PSD file is a layered image file used in Adobe Photoshop. PSD stands for the Photoshop Document & is a native format for Photoshop used for editing images.


Recycle Bin: Windows Recycle Bin is a temporarily folder for storing files deleted from Windows computer.

Recovery Mode: In order to put your iOS devices in recovery mode and perform the restore operation, check out this tutorial...

ROM BIOS: BIOS is abbreviated from Read Only Memory Basic Input Output System. The BIOS contains a program to control the hardware devices like keyboard, hard drives, display devices, serial communication components and plug and play devices (PnP) like add on cards. Since it is the first program to be executed, it is stored in ROM where the data are written at the time of manufacturing.

Rooting: Rooting is a process involved in Android OS which allows users to customize their phone functionality…

Rooter: Routers are physical devices commonly known as intermediate devices which are utilized to share internet access among multiple computers.

Reboot: Reboot is a process of rebooting and reloading your operating system.


Safari Web Browser: Safari is Apple’s web browser that is first introduced from Mac OS X and iOS operating systems and released in 2003. Read more...

Safe Mode: Safe mode is a special way of loading Windows when there is a system critical problem; this is used to troubleshoot Windows and to determine the possible causes of the issues.

Scanpst.exe: Scanpst is the best "Inbox Repair Tool" which helps us to repair corrupt PST file in Microsoft Outlook.

SD card: Secure Digital or SD cards are memory card formats used in small and portable electronic gadgets to provide efficient storage. SD card come different speed, storage capacities and sizes – SD card, miniSD card and microSD card.

Small Web Format: SWF stands for Small Web Format is a proprietary file format used for playing Flash animation files i.e. flash movies and is an extension of Shockwave Flash files.

SmartMedia Card: SmartMedia Card is a type of memory card that consists of a flash memory chip and used in handheld PCs, PDAs, cell phones, digital cameras…

Soft Reset: Soft Reset is an act of rebooting or restarting a phone to clear the internal memory of the running programs and to reset the phone to default settings without losing any data…

Subrip: Subrip is the most popular subtitle ripping software that facilitates its users to modify and extract the subtitles from movies and encode back into movie.

System Restore: System Restore is a process of rolling back all your system files, registry keys and other files to the initial settings or to the previous restore points…


Tablet Computer: Tablet computers is a kind of mobile computers, that usually have a touchscreen or pen-enabled interface and use a stylus pen to access or process information

Temp Files: Files that contain the .tmp extension and are used or created by variety of different computer applications to contain temporary data for different purposes...

Time Machine: Apple Time machine is an in-built feature that helps in backing up all your data stored on your Mac machines. Read more…


UMS: USB mass storage Class is a set of computing protocols that are designed to make your USB accessible to the computers connected and enables the file transfer process between them...

Utility Software: Utility programs, commonly referred as “utilities” are software programs that add functionality to your computer or help your computer perform better.


vFAT: vFAT or Virtual File Allocation Table is used in Windows OS from Windows 95, to support long file names.

VCF Files: VCF files are a popular digital business cards that includes basic contact information such as address, phone number, email address, picture, name, etc.

Volume Header: The Volume header is an index table that contains information about hard drive Volumes that works on its own individual file system. Using this information, the BIOS and the operating system will traverse the Volumes of hard drives for data.


WAV File: WAV is a Waveform Audio File format, refers to a standard format of playing uncompressed audio files that is mainly used on Windows PCs. Read more...

Widgets: A widget is a small program having limited functionalities, which can be installed or can be executed in a web page...

Windows 10: Windows 10 is a brand new version of Microsoft Windows, which is equipped with extraordinary features that combine different devices onto one platform…

Windows Registry Key: Windows registry is used to store the configuration settings of Windows operating system in the form of hierarchical database. The keys and value combination required to access the settings stored in the form of directories are called Windows registry keys.


XQD Card: The XQD card is just a memory card format introduced by Sony and developed by Compact Flash Association. It uses PCI Express technology interface for data transferring. This PCI express is one of the high-speed data transfers ranging from 125 Mbps to 500 Mbps. It has a very high storage capability and may extend beyond 2 TB in the future.

Xvid: Xvid is a video codec library following the MPEG-4, which is developed by Divx Inc and it is available for a limited number of platforms. Read here to know more…


Zipx: Zipx file is basically a zip file uses advanced compression and encryption methods to create or open a compressed archive.

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