Glossary A-F

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With the all new technologies added each day, here are some buzzing words you may encounter. This is an explanatory section, created to add-up or brush-up the concepts of esteem visitors of Remo software website. This glossary will help you understand our products proficiently.


Access Database: Access Database is a database software with interactive interface. With Access you can design forms, create queries, reports, and macros.

ADB (Android Debug Bridge): Android Debug Bridge (adb) is a client server program as well as command line tool that lets you communicate with an emulator instance or connected Android-powered device.

ADSL: ADSL, Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line is a type of broadband internet connection that enables high speed data transmission through existing telephone lines...

Active Partition: An active partition is a partition on a hard drive that is set as the boot-able partition and contains the operating system. Read Here…

ActiveX: ActiveX is a group of technologies developed by Microsoft for sharing info among various applications & is outgrowth of two Microsoft technologies known as OLE and COM.

Activity Monitor: Activity Monitor facilitates you to provide detailed information related to the processing power and system memory consumed by every application on Mac machine

Adobe Photoshop: Photoshop is the most popular software published by the Adobe systems which is considered as the industry standard when it comes to graphics editing.

Adobe Reader: Adobe Reader is free software for viewing, printing, and annotating the portable document format (PDF) files. To know more details read here…

Adware: Adware is free application that encloses advertisements and it also have programs like desktop toolbars, games, utilities, etc. in which advertisement banners are displayed with pop up window or through a bar.

AIFF: AIFF is an Audio Interchange File Format used for storing digital audio waveform and is commonly used in Apple Macintosh operating systems….

AirDrop: AirDrop provides a speedy way to share files wirelessly between two Macs, without having to connect to an existing network. Read more..

AirMail: Airmail is an emailing app that has tons of features which provides user more control over how emails are being handled.

Airport Time Capsule: Airport Time Capsule is an attractive and advanced backup device that can backup the Mac’s data automatically and utilizing wireless technology. Read more...

Alias: An alias is a small file that represents another object in local, remote or removable file system and provide dynamic link to it, even the target object is migrated or renamed

AMR File: AMR, Adaptive Multi-Rate is a file format used for storing compressed audio files which are optimized specially for recording the speech. Read Here...

Android Marshmallow: It is the latest version of Android OS, which is very different from previous versions. You can make out more from Android Marshmallow as its come with key refinements with all the features of the old version.

Android OS: Android is an open-source platform designed for developing touch screen mobile devices like Smart phones and tablets. It is based on Linux-Kernel OS.

Android TV: Android TV is a SMART television platform developed by Google that can be used as TV cum computer…

Android Wear: Android wear is a new operating system developed by google specifically for Smart watches and other wearable devices. Read here for more…

Antivirus: Antivirus program is a computer application which is used to detect, remove, and protect from computer malicious viruses. Learn more....

APK: APK is an application package file, which is generally used to distribute and install application files on Android operating system.

Apple iOS: Apple iOS is a mobile operating system developed and distributed by Apple Inc. Majorly, it is released for iPhone later extended it to support other Apple devices.

Apple Partition Map: Apple Partition Map is a partition format describes the disk’s starting sector of the partition, the type, the size and the volume name.

Application: An application is define as a computing program or a piece of software designed to accomplish a particular task for the user…

Appointment: Learn how to use Outlook appointment attribute to send, invite and create appointments to other people.

Apple TV: Apple TV which is primarily known as iTV released in September 2005. After that Apple Inc. has released a series of Apple TV with a few improvements.

AutoCAD file: AutoCAD is a computer aided design (CAD) software tool introduced by Autodesk Inc. It helps designers and engineers by allowing them to fully construct their projects in a well arranged manner.

Autorun.inf: Autorun.inf is a special file stored on the removable storage media, which contains all the information for the operating system whenever the media is attached to your system.

AVI: AVI is a file format used for storing audio and video information, that is developed by Microsoft Corporation and the files will be stored with .avi extension. Read here…


Bad Sector: Bad sector is a part on the computer disk drive which has been damaged and fails to read the data stored in that particular space.

Basic Disk: The term basic disk refers to a physical disk that uses primary partitions, logical drives or extended partitions as their basic volume to organize data efficiently.

Batch File: A Batch file is a script file or text file contains sets of commands that are executed together. Read here for more info….

Battery Life: Battery life is a quantity for measuring the durability and the performance of the battery that depends on many factor.

BIOS: BIOS (Basic Input / Output System) is the program used by microprocessor to get computer system to start once it has been turned on.

Blu-ray Disc: The Blu - ray disc is an optical storage media format that was developed by Blu-ray disc association to enable storing large amount of data, and including recording, rewriting and playback of HD video

BMP: BMP is a standard Windows bitmap graphics format commonly used as a graphics image format and they are usually uncompressed, hence they are larger than the other image formats. See here…

Botnet: Botnet is a group of internet connected programs which communicates with other similar programs so as to perform the specific task.

Bookmarks: Bookmark is a way of saving an address for a website on your browser so that the user can easily return to the site again when needed...

Boot Camp: Boot Camp is software included with OS X Lion and Mountain Lion that allows the Mac OS X user to install and run Microsoft Windows...

Boot Disk: Disk is used to run Operating System exteranlly by connecting it to system or laptop is called Boot Disk. Read more..

Boot Loader: Boot loader is a small piece of program that runs at the startup time and can load a complete application program into the processor’s memory.

Boot SeQuence: Boot sequence is order of devices listed in BIOS of computer, depending on the priority computer will start loading the devices…

BOOTMGR: BOOTMGR is the small software included with Windows Vista, 7, 8 and allows the OS to start and run the machine in appropriate way...

Browser History: Web Browser History is a list of websites that the user visited in recent times and even contains the date and time of the visit to that web page...

BSOD: The Blue Screen of Death (BSOD), the name commonly used by the Microsoft Windows users and first found in Windows 1.0. Generally indicates the screen with error message saying that “Windows is about top crash”. It will process the unsaved data at the occurrence in a RAW file format called Dump file.

Byte: A byte is the least unit of storage that can be accessed in a systems memory either in ROM or RAM. It consists of precisely 8 bits.

Bit: A bit is the basic unit of information in digital communications that can have only one of two values which is represented as 0 or 1.

Big Data: Learn more about big data including what it does, why it's essential for other organisations, benefits and so on...


Cable Modem: Cable Modem is a device that provides high-speed connectivity to the Internet over a cable television or system.

Card Reader: Card reader is a USB device that connect the cards like memory cards, SD cards etc. to the system and it facilitates file transfer between the cards and systems.

Cache: Cache is a high-speed access area that can be either a reserved section of main memory or a storage device.

Catalog File: Catalog file is a special type of file in the HFS + file system. It contains the information about all the files and folders stored on your Mac OS X Volumes.

CD-ROM Drive: CD-ROM drive helps in functioning read and write operations on CD-ROM (Compact Disk - Read Only Memory). CD-ROM are capable of playing both audio cd's as well as computer data cd's.

CF Card: Compact Flash card is a mass storage device and it is used in many electronic devices such as Phones, iPods, Tablets etc to store files like pictures, audio, videos or other documents.

CHKDSK: CHKDSK(Check Disk) is a command used for DOS, OS/2 and Windows Operating System to know the file system integrity status of floppy disk and hard disk.

Clean Install: A clean install is a software or OS installation process in which any previous version is removed.

Clip Art: Clip art refers to pre made pictures used to describe any medium and it is used broadly in both personal and commercial projects.

Clipboard: Clipboard is an area of memory reserved for temporarily holding items during editing; usually while making a cut or a copy of selected text, graphic or other item...

Cloud Computing: Cloud computing is a type of computing that completely relies on sharing the computing resources online in a remote location.

Cloud Storage: Cloud storage is a networked storage or disk space that is available over internet and allows the users to store their data on specialized computers called remote servers.

Cluster: Computers linked together in such a way that it works like a single computer is called as cluster…

Codec: Codec is a small piece of computer program used for compressing or decompressing your media files in order to play. Codec is a short form of …[Continue Reading]

Compact Flash Drive: Compact flash drive is small and portable device used to transfer files easily with an usb port of the device.

Computer: Computer is an electronic device which helps us to store data and perform mathematical and logical operations at a faster rate.

Computer Memory: Computer Memory is an electronic memory device that stores data and programs according to the set of instructions either temporarily or permanently...

Control Panel: Control Panel it is an area where you can control and configure your computer settings as per your requirement...

Convert FAT to NTFS: FAT file system is used for smaller storage devices, in order to store large amount of data on a partition, we need to convert FAT file system to NTFS.

Convert Raw to NTFS: We cannot store data on the raw file system as it is the file system installed on the hard disk, immediately after creating it in the factory, hence raw file system needs to be converted to NTFS.

Cookies: Cookies are the small text based files that are stored on the computer’s web browsers which contains the information related to the websites visited...

Cortana: Cortana is a new personal assistant for Windows 10 users that provides personalized experience with your Windows devices; helps you find things on your PC, manages your calendar, chat with you etc. Read here…

CPU: CPU (Central Processing Unit) is the brain of the computer, which executes / processes computer programs with the instructions provided by user.

Crash: Crash is nothing but errors that occurs in computer \ laptop operating system due to logical issues like software errors or hardware errors…

CRC error: It is an error detection mechanism used in networking devices and storage devices to verify the available raw data in the drive doesn’t undergo any accidental changes. It has two phases the CRC generator and the CRC checker. The CRC generator uses polynomial division to generate a resultant output. In the receivers end, the actual data is checked based on the arrived data with the generated CRC.

Cross-Browser:Cross-browser is a capability of a website, HTML construct, web application to work compatibly with many web different browsers; Examples are Safari, Internet Explorer, Firefox

Cross Platform: Cross platform is a feature of an application or a hardware that can be used on different platform without any difficulty…

Cyber Security: Process of safeguarding sensitive information on your computer or other devices from unauthorized access for avoiding negative sequences.


Data Backup: Data backup is the process of creating a backup file of important data which we need in future as files might be lost by accidental deletion.

Data Disaster: Data disaster refers to loosing of data / files. Data disaster can happen on any devices on which data is stored like computer, USB, iPod etc.

Data Erasure: Data erasure is a software-based method of overwriting data to erasing all data from hard drive or any storage services such as pen drives, memory cards, etc.

Data Loss: Data is the most important thing which we need it in day to day life. Data loss usually occurs on computer systems which is effected by virus, OS crash, file system corruption etc.

Data Recovery Tips: Data may include documents, music, video and many more. These files will be deleted / lost due to accidental deletion, OS crash, file system corruption etc. In order to get back lost data you need to follow few data recovery tips.

DBX: DBX files are database files for the Outlook Express application from Microsoft which hold all the emails and can be used to move your emails to a new computer or newer version of Outlook.

DCIM: DCIM (Digital Camera Images) widely used folder name in digital cameras and Android OS based phones, tablets, etc. for storing images taken from the respective device…

Debugger: Debugger is a computer program which can be used to test and locate error on other programs; allows other programs to stop a program at any point to examine the variables.

Defragmentation: Disk Defragmentation is a process which re-arranges files and free spaces in an orderly manner, which reduces the time for fetching a file from the hard drive.

Device Driver: Device driver is a software program that allows higher-level program to communicate with hardware devices. Learn more…

Device Manager: Device manager allows you to modify and configure the settings of the available devices on your computer…

Dial Up: Dial up refers to an internet connection that is created using external device called modem through telephone lines

Digital Audio Drives: Digital Audio Drives / Players are media players that are capable of organising, storing and playing music files of different formats including MP3, MPGA, MIDI, WAV, RIFF, AU, WMA and ASF formats.

Digital Camera: A camera that captures and stores images or videos digitally rather than recording them on a film are referred as digital cameras. See here…

Disk Cloning: Disk Cloning is a process of copying the contents of the hard drive & saved as an image file; this cloned image acts as a backup copy to restore data back.

Disk Crash: The serious situation when computer's fails to retrieve the content from the hard drive is disk crash. Disk failure can be of two types logical failure or physical disk crash.

Disk Editor: Ddisk editor is a computer program that allows user to read, edit, and write raw data on disk drives. Know more…

Disk Format: Disk Formatting is a process which prepares your hard drive or any other storage devices for use initially. It can also be done on used devices, but in such cases, it erases the complete data stored on them.

Disk Head Crash: The physical damage caused to the magnetic platter by the read-write head of a hard disk. This causes severe data loss and the hard drive has to be replaced.

Disk Identity: Disk Identity is a unique ID of a disk by which the computer will recognize it among other devices …

Disk Imaging: In disk imaging, complete replication of the hard disk i.e., registry programs, software, structure is done. Sector by sector mirroring of the complete drive, which includes unused sectors as well, takes place in disk imaging.

Disk Not Formatted: "Disk / Drive not formatted" error is caused due to many reasons the most obvious one is the drive is not ready for operating system's use.

Diskpart: Diskpart is similar to MS-DOS Fdisk utility that lets you manipulate, view and create the partitions from the command line; it is a freeware and can be downloaded from Microsoft’s Website.

Disk Partition: Disk partitioning is an operation of dividing the storage space of a hard disk into separate data areas called parititons.

Disk Utility: Disk Utility is a tool developed by Apple for performing disk related tasks such as creation, compression, encryption and conversion of disk images in Mac OS X.

DivX: DivX short for Digital video Express, is a compression scheme that reduces the video file size on computers and on DVDs to fit into a standard CD without loss of quality...

DLL File: Dynamic Link Library is a collection of small modules of programs that can be called upon when needed by other executable program (.exe) that is executed.

DOCX: DOCX is a file format that is assigned to Microsoft Word documents that are used in Microsoft Word 2007 and above versions with enhanced features...

DOD Standard 5220.28 STD: DOD Standard 5220.28 STD is the data sanitization standard, recommended by the US Department of Defense (DoD) to erase data from your hard drives permanently.

Domain Name System: A Domain Name System is a network of servers that maps Internet domain names to their numeric IP addresses for easy access...

Dongle: Dongle is ready to use device which can be attached to a computer to access internet with high speed…

DOS: DOS or Disk Operating System is a command line non-graphical operating system. It was developed by Microsoft in July 1981.

Drag and Drop: Drag and Drop is an action performed within a Graphical User Interface (GUI) that involves moving the cursor over an object, selecting it, and moving that object to a new location…

DRAM: Dynamic random access memory (DRAM) is the most widely used random access memory (RAM) for workstations, personal computers, laptop, etc

Droid X: Droid X is a latest addition to the Android Smartphone series developed by Motorola that runs Android 2.3 software. It is known for its advanced features, to know more click here...

DSL Modem: DSL modem is a hardware device that lets your PC to communicate with ISP (Internet Service Provider) over a dedicated DSL connection...

DVD: DVD is an optical storage device which offers more storage space compared to compact disc.

Dual Boot: Dual boot is a feature of modern operating systems (OS) for storing more than one OS and allows the user to choose one of the two environments, such as Windows/Mac OS, or Linux/Mac OS etc..

Dump: Dump is a process of copying the contents of the computer storage device to another device without altering its format or any other settings. Learn more...

Dynamic Disk Drive: Dynamic Disk Drive is a physical disk which manages its volumes using LDM database.

Digital Twin : A digital twin is the virtual representation of a physical assets which collects data from sensors that are installed on physical objects to represent near real-time status, working condition or position.


Encrypted Data: The process of encryption includes converting data to the form of ciphertext, that is not understood by unauthorized people.

Encryption Algorithms: Encryption algorithm is formula or code that changes the text in to unintelligent text also known as ciphertext.

Encrypt Decrypt File: Encrypting a file or folder is a method which protects data from other users. Decrypting a file is the reverse process of encryption, which decodes and makes the file readable.

Exchange Server: Microsoft Exchange Server is an application which acts as a server side of client–server functionalities

exFAT : exFAT is a modern modern file system designed by Microsoft Corp, specially for storage devices that use flash memory. It supports data transfer between electronic devices and computers. exFAT works well with latest operating systems including Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2 (Linux), Mac OS X 10.6.5, etc.

External Hard Drive: External hard drives are portable data storage units, which are connected using USB cable or FireWire interface to a system. These external hard disks are the best solution to back up or store important data.


File Allocation Data (FAT): File Allocation Table (FAT) is a file system with the table of contents that an operating system maintains on a hard drive.

FAT 12: In 1980, FAT 12 was designed as floppy disk file system. FAT 12 uses 12 bit entries for addressing clusters in smaller capacity hard disks and 1.44 Megabytes and 2.88 Megabytes floppy disk.

FAT 16: FAT or File Allocation Table 16 is the file system architechture that uses 16 bits for each entry in the file allocation table of a disk.

FAT 32: The file allocation table which uses 32-bit cluster addressing to store files on hard disk. The maximum size of a file that FAT32 disk or partition can hold is 4 gigabyte

File: File is a collection of data or information that is identified by a unique name called file name and its extension. Read here...

File Compression: File Compression is the process of reducing the size of the files and packaging multiple files into a single archive file to save space or transmission time.

File Format: File format refers to the way entire data are arranged logically within a file and even contains the data encoding processes and presentation information.

File Hierarchy: Files are nothing but a group of elements. These group of elements need to classified and ordered. The file hierarchy helps the elements to be sorted properly for efficient use. It is a tree like structure. These file process traverse the files from root to the child sub process.

File Server: File server is a computer that is dedicated to storing files over a network and controls the access to these files by different systems connected in a same network.

File System: File system is a data structure or method used by the operating system to keep track of all the files stored on a disk or partition; that is, it is the way the files are organized on the disk.

Final Cut Pro: Final cut pro is an advanced tool to edit the videos for Mac that is developed by Apple; supports many video formats like DV, HDV, P2 MXF, XDCAM...

Firewall: A firewall is a set of related programs, located at a network gateway server that protects the resources of a private network from users from other networks.

FireWire: FireWire is a personal computer / consumer electronic serial bus interface standard which offers high-speed communications and real-time data services. See more…

Firmware: Firmwares are programs stored on computer or other hardware devices read only memory (ROM), that provides instruction on how a device should operate…..

Flash Drive: A storage device which helps in transfering data from one system to another system using USB port is known as "Flash Drive".

Flat File: Flat File is just like a data file and it contains records without any structured relationsips.

Flash Memory: Flash Memory is a type of electrically erasable programmable read-only memory (EEPROM) that can retain data even without power supply.

Floppy Drive: Floppy disk drive helps in reading from and writing data to floppy disks. The floppy disks are portable, inexpensive and stores 1.44MB of data.

FLV Files: FLV stands for Flash Video which is a container file format used for deliver video over the Internet using Adobe Flash Player 6 and newer versions.

Format Error: Format errors are the errors that are caused by missing system files or broken file system that makes the device unrecognizable by OS

File Type: Operating system maintains many different file formats on a hard drive, through which it’s possible to identify a particular file’s type.

Firefox: Firefox is a popular web browser developed by Mozilla corpotation that provides faster download speed…

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