Windows Server 2012


Windows Server 2012 is also codenamed as Windows Server 8 is a recent addition to the Microsoft line of server operating systems that was released in September 4 2012. It redefines the server OS category, delivering hundreds of new features for storage, cloud computing, enhancements spanning virtualization, networking, user experience, and more.  On a whole Windows Server 2012 has been designed specifically to help transform the IT operations to reduce costs and deliver a new level of business value.

Windows Server 2012 is completely a redesigned operating system that is developed specifically for touchscreen use via the new "Metro" interface. In addition, it even offers strong support for cloud computing. It provides the flexibility to efficiently build and deploy the apps and websites on-premises, in the cloud or across both environments.

  • Flexibility:It enables the hybrid applications that are located between the data center and the cloud.
  • Scalable and elastic:It offers different frameworks, services, and tools that dramatically increase the scalability and elasticity of modern applications.
  • Open application support: Windows Server 2012 enables mission-critical applications and offers enhanced support for open source applications, open standards, and various development languages.

Hardware requirements

Processor: 64-bit x 64 CPU

Speed: 1.4 GHz

RAM / Memory Requirement:  512 MB

SSD or Hard Drive space: 32 GB+

Windows Server 2012 Editions

Windows Sever 2012 is made available in 4 different editions that are listed below:

  • Windows Server Datacenter: This edition is ideally suited for highly virtualized private and hybrid cloud environments. It offers full Windows Server functionality with unlimited virtual instances.
  • Windows Server Standard:This edition was built for those who work on Low density or non-virtualized environments that provide full Windows server functionality with just two virtual instances.
  • Windows Server Essentials:This type of edition is best suited for small business environments that mainly require simpler interface, pre-configured connectivity to cloud based services with no virtualization rights.
  • Windows Server Foundation:It is designed mainly for economical general purpose server that just require general server functionality with no virtualization.

Features of Windows Server 2012

Windows Server 2012 offers all the feature functionality and capabilities for facilitating IT with the tools that give users’ access to apps and data from virtually anywhere on any device, that too with a rich user interface. Few of the important features included in Windows Server 2012 are:

SMB 3.0: The Windows Server 2012 is included with the new version of Server Message Block (SMB) protocol that is SMB 3.0, which supports new file server features, such as SMB transparent failover, SMB Scale Out, SMB Multichannel, SMB Direct, SMB encryption, SMB directory leasing, and SMB PowerShell etc.

Dynamic Access Control (DAC): Dynamic Access Control is a feature that helps IT pros to create more centralized security models to access network resources by tagging sensitive data both manually and automatically. This tagging can be based on factors such as the file content or the creator

Hyper –V Replica: Hyper-V Replica is a storage technology that is designed to replicate the virtual machines continuously through a backup cluster. It ensures that snapshots of your critical virtual machines which are more than 15 minutes old are not available over any network link, including the internet. It replicates the initial snapshot completely, after that it sends only the change blocks. It fully supports the versioning of your virtual machines.

ReFS Windows Server 2012 actually uses the ReFS or the Resilient File System. Although it supports many of the same features as NTFS, ReFS adds many other features that enhance security. Such features include data verification and auto correction. It is designed to work with Storage Spaces to create shrinkable and expandable logical storage pools.

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