Before we get into any specifics of Internet of Things (IoT), you will be surprised to know that the latest buzzword IoT is not a recent invention. The co-founder of MIT’s Auto-ID Center, Kevin Ashton came up with the term “Internet of Things” in 1999 while working on then famous, RFID (Radio-frequency identification) technology to connect devices. This technology was significantly different from today’s IoT. Only a few experts had the understanding of this term back that time, although the concept of IoT reached the masses in recent years.
This concept is witnessing some real life implementation from the onset of the 21st century. On average, there were about 4.9 Billion Connected devices in the year 2015. And it’s predicted that by 2020, 26 billion gadgets will be linked to the internet. IoT is influencing every facet of our life, from homes to wearables, the trend has even reached and made toys more interactive and knowledgeable. The four major technology factor required to implement IoT are a smart device, big data, advanced network and cloud computing.
Now IoT is influencing every facet of our life, from homes to wearables. The trend has even made toys more interactive and knowledgeable. The four major technology factors required to implement IoT are- smart device, big data, advanced network and cloud computing.
An interactive electronic gadget is the one which responds to simple commands send by users and help in day to day activities. These smart devices are connected and operate on data collected from various sensors. The data from these devices are analyzed and used for various functions including medical purposes. These devices are interconnected to each other over Wi-FI, Bluetooth or NFC.
Big data is already here and many industries have started implementing it, in ways that are futuristic to their competitors. The eye-catching part of big data technology is the increasing interest and its application in machine learning. However, the core objective of implementing Big data in IoT will be to correlate the massive amount of data and to analyse them in a best-suited way.
The basic definition of a network is the technology that connects smart devices and services. There is research taking place in the field of low-power technology to improve the efficiency of the networks. There need to be major advancements in the field of communication and bandwidth, considering the number of devices that will be connected in the coming years. 5G, the latest from telecommunication society promises to reach thousand times faster transmission speeds as compared to the old versions.
Cloud computing is considered to be the backbone of IoT infrastructure. It will not only provide high-quality infrastructure but also an effective money saving support mechanism. Devices connected to the cloud can access a limitless amount of data on the go. Cloud services can store and manage a huge amount of data. The latest trend witnessed in the cloud computing technology is companies have started investing in these services for the development of cloud in order to contribute to the IoT ecosystem.
If we look at the world right now, Internet of Things is implemented everywhere starting from our body to home. And not just limited to the homes, we can see its immediate application in environment protection as well let’s discuss these areas in detail.
Most of us are already familiar with the fitness trackers that is making a news in the wearable market. They help us in keeping a track of the steps taken, calories burned, and other information relating to the fitness. Apart from these fitness trackers we have smart watches which when connected to the smartphone can receive information such as new message, e-mail, and other smartphone data. The future wearable technology will influence our life and will become an extension of ourselves.
IoT will play a vital role in the personal healthcare system. With the latest technology and research in this field, we may not need to visit doctors. Doctors will be able to monitor our vitals remotely from the clinic. Prescriptions will be delivered to the pharmacy automatically.
In 2015, smart home companies made dominant improvements in their technologies to make their products more accessible and valuable to homeowners. About 68% Americans are looking forward to making smart homes a commonplace within the next 5-6 years. Smart home products will not only save time but also contribute in saving energy and money. The smart home products will become standard household brands in the years to come.
The future smart home product will offer unprecedented technology to monitor and control the smart homes.
IoT will help make cities safer, efficient and greener. By connecting devices, vehicle, and structures, we effectively manage and reduce energy and water consumption. The major problem of traffic and parking can be cut down by providing real-time assistance and alternate route to the drivers. Sensors on the street will indicate an empty spot on the street which will be reflected on the user’s smartphone on real time basis.
Countries like Barcelona, Dubai, Singapore, and France will be the early adaptors of these smart city technologies.
The most common term that comes to mind when talking about IoT and industries is the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT).
Industrial Internet, IIoT consists of Machine learning and big data analytics technology, taking inputs from sensors. A simple concept of the smart machine being more accurate than humans is the driving force behind IIoT. By incorporating smart machines to industries the companies can pick up problems and faults sooner, hence save time and money. In manufacturing, IoT will play a vital role in quality control, green practices, supply traceability, and efficiency.
I would like to conclude by saying that most of us restrict connected devices in terms of PCs, tablets and smartphones. But IoT has a much broader aspect wherein it can be connected to just about anything in an intelligent fashion. Making our physical world a big information system.