IDE Hard Drive

IDE stands for Integrated Drive Electronics. IDE drive connects to the motherboard’s data bus via IDE interface; it is a standard way of connecting storage devices such as IDE drives to the computer. This interface is based on the IBM PC Industry Standard Architecture (ISA). IDE drives are reliable and inexpensive and have served as the storage media for long time. Via jumper, IDE drives are programmable as Single drive, Master drive or Slave drive.

IDE was created to generalize hard drive usage in computers. With IDE, controller and hard drive was combined. Controller is responsible for storing and accessing data. Before IDE controllers and hard drives were separate. The distance between these affected the performance.

ANSI (American National Standards Institute) name for IDE is Advanced Technology Attachment (ATA). IDEs advanced version is Enhanced Integrated Drive Electronics (EIDE). IDE hard disks have logic board integrated on the hard disk itself.


  • Cost is less compared to external hard drives
  • Cost difference is not that high as the storage capacity increases
  • Easily installed


  • Need for regular backups because they may crash anytime
  • Less speed compared to SATA (Serial Advanced Technology Attachment)
  • Less performance compared to SATA
  • Do not support hot plugging

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