Master file table (MFT) is a database that stores information of every file and directory in the NTFS volume. The information varies from the file name, location, and size to the date of file creation. In short, the Master File Table acts as a directory and records all information of files in the file system.
For instance, When you create a file in a partition or the volume, the Master file table gets updated instantly, and its size also increases proportionally. Similarly, when you delete a file space where the file resides is marked for reuse.
However, at times the MFT gets corrupt. which indicates severe damage to the PC’s file system. Usually, the bad sector makes the partition or disk completely inaccessible. However, to resolve your MFT corruption, follow the below listed solutions to effectively repair the damage and fix the master file table corruption.
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Before moving ahead with solutions, let us first understand the common scenarios for corruption of the Master file table.
Below are some of the scenarios that can lead to a corrupt master file table CHKDSK aborted error
- Improper formatting of the Disk.
- Blue screen of death error.
- Virus attacks or malware infection of the computer can lead to the Master File Table getting corrupted.
- Bad Sectors on the hard drive can also corrupt an MFT.
- Unethical or Improper removal of External Drives without proper ejecting.
How to Repair a corrupt Master file Table?
To fix a corrupt Master file table, follow the below-mentioned methods one after the other.
Note- It is strictly recommended to stop using the computer or hard drive after encountering the Corrupt MFT error. This will ensure further damage to the Master File Table.
Method 1: Repair the Corrupt Master File Table with CHKDSK Utility
1: Right-click the drive or partition with a corrupt master file table and choose Properties
2: Go to Tools and click on Check
3: Next, click on Scan Drive
After completion of the process, restart your system and see if you have fixed the Master File Table corruption. If you are still encountering the error, then try the next method.
Usually, the CHKDSK utility will fix the master file table corruption, but if you still encounter the error even after following method 1.
It is recommended to try method 2 and 3. In the section below you will learn how to fix the master file table after the CHKDSK aborted error.
Method 2: Use the Fix MBR (Master Boot Record) Command to Repair MFT (Master boot record)
Follow the Steps mentioned below to fix the corrupt master file table.
1: You need to enter the System Recovery Options Screen.
2: Connect a bootable USB drive to your computer, restart the PC, and press F2 or F8 to enter the BIOS setup.
3: Go to the Startup or Boot column and set the computer to boot from your new drive. Save the changes and restart your PC.
4: The user will receive an on-screen message, follow and select Repair your Computer when you get to the System Recovery Options window.
5: Select "Command Prompt" to open a command prompt window. Type bootrec.exe and press Enter.
6: The parameter /FixMbr allows the repair of a corrupted Master Boot Record.Step 6: The parameter /FixMbr allows the repair of a corrupted Master Boot Record.
Method 3: Format the Disk for Reuse
In case the above-mentioned methods have failed to fix the Corrupt master file table, then the only option left is Formatting the disk. Unfortunately, complete Formatting of the disk leads to Permanent data loss.
Hence it is recommended first to recover data from the drive and then format the disk for reuse or any purpose.
In order to recover data from a partition with MFT corruption, you will need the help of professional data recovery software like Remo Recover. If you have already recovered your data and saved it on any external storage device, then you can safely proceed to format the drive to fix the MFT corruption issue.
Steps to Format the Disk after MFT Corruption
1: Click on This PC or Disk Management.
2: Right-click on the Partition or Drive.
3: Click on Format.
4: After following the above methods, you will be able to set the volume, file system, and the allocation unit size of your desire.
Master File Table corruption on a partition or drive can happen due to various reasons that are mentioned in the above article. With all the methods cited in the above article, you should be able to fix the corrupt master file table. However, it is always recommended to have a regular backup to avoid data loss due to unforeseen scenarios.
Do let us know if you were successful in repairing the corrupt Master file table or if you have any questions regarding MFT corruption in the comment section below.